This is an introduction to the Wushu team of Hubei University of Chinese Medicine（HBUCM）. Let’s start with the national and provincial University Wushu Competitions in this summer.
In late July, the 2019 China University Wushu Taolu Championships was held in Wuhan, a total of 146 teams and 1439 athletes from over 100 universities in China joined this competition. The HBUCM Wushu Team won 4 gold, 1 silver and 2 bronze medals, a remarkable breakthrough for the team.
Moreover, it was only ten days ago that the same team took part in the 33rd Hubei University Wushu Competition, and won 11 gold and 6 silver medals.
The surging number of medals showcase a persistent enthusiasm of both teachers and students for traditional Wushu, from the day the team was formed 30 years ago.
Hard Training to Master the Essence of Wushu
“Team assemble and get ready for warming-up!”
In this scorching summer, the campus was so quite that the only sound heard was the occasional chirping of cicadas. Before 8 a.m.,14 members from the Wushu team gathered in the gymnasium, getting ready for a new round of training which would last for up to 8 hours per day.
Running, leg pressing and splitting...after a series of warming-up activities, the whole team started to practice with swords, spears and sticks, the gymnasium was then resounded with loud and clear sounds.
Promoting Wushu through the Cultivation of Virtues
“The history of our Wushu team can be traced back to 30 years ago.” The leader of the School of Sports and Health stated.
In 1989, HBUCM started to recruit students for its first high-level sports team. Given its advantages and specialties, HBUCM decided to recruit students talented in Wushu, and thereby cultivated a group of students with excellent skills and conduct. In recent years, the team has won many first prizes at National Traditional Health Care and Sports Games joined by all TCM Colleges, and remained as the champion of National University Competition of Health Qigong. Moreover, it has won the gold medal in Hubei University Wushu Competition for ten consecutive years and gained the sports morality award every year.
Meanwhile, since the 1980s, Taijiquan has been included as a compulsory part of the physical education program for freshmen, and all students in HBUCM were encouraged to “be a master of both Taijiquan and calligraphy”. Taijiquan competitions have been held every year among the teachers and students to cultivate their virtue, and to promote the featured campus culture as a university of Chinese medicine. In short, practicing traditional Wushu has always enjoyed a high popularity on campus.
In 2017, HBUCM was chosen as the first stop by Wuhan Rong Media ZAKER for their program of “Elegance and Talent in College”, in which the training and performance of the school Wushu team and the school Wushu association was live broadcasted, and remained as headlines for several days.
Millions of people watched the live broadcast online. “I really appreciate the traditional culture atmosphere in HBUCM.” “It is a brilliant Wushu performance.” Many people left their comments online and gave a like to this unique campus culture.
太极拳 五禽戏 八段锦
Taijiquan (Taiji Boxing) is a traditional Chinese boxing technique characterized by internal and external cultivation, gentleness, slowness, lightness and agility. Taijiquan derives its core ideas from the dialectical concepts of Taiji and Yin-Yang in Chinese traditional Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism. Besides, Taijiquan integrates several techniques in one, such as attack and defense, self-cultivation of temperament and physical fitness. It also combines the changes of Yin-Yang and Five Elements in Yi-ology, Meridian theory of TCM along with Daoyin and Tuna.
Baduanjin (Eight-section Brocade), a dynamic exercise method with health-care functions, is composed of eight movements. According to literature records, Baduanjin originated in Song Dynasty. Later, it diverged into two schools, north and south while spreading. The movements of North School are complicated, mainly consisting of vigorous movements and horse-riding postures, with emphasis on body movements, known as Eight Movements of Wu; while the movements of South School are simple, mainly consisting of supple movements and upright postures, with the emphasis on Daoyin and promoting Qi flow, known as Eight Movements of Wen.
Wuqinxi (Five-animal Exercise) was created by Hua Tuo, a renowned medical scientist in the late Eastern Han Dynasty. It is a set of bionic Daoyin techniques for physical fitness by imitating the movements of five animals: tiger, deer, bear, ape and bird. Modern medical researches have also proved that as a kind of medical gymnastics, Wuqinxi not only guides people to stretch their muscles and joints, but also helps to improve their heart and lung function; enhance myocardial oxygen supply; increase myocardial blood output and promote the sound development of tissues and organs.
Liuzijue (Six-character Formula) is a Qigong method which integrates the pronunciation of the six characters of “xu, he, si, chui, hu and xi” with mind concentration and relevant body postures. It is known as a breathing exercise that mainly aims at adjusting visceral functions. Liuzijue was firstly found in Yangxing Yanming Lu (Records of Nourishing the Body and Extending Life) written by Tao Hongjing, a notable medical expert in the Northern and Southern Dynasties. Thereby, many records about this method were found in the literature of health preservation in successive dynasties.
Yijinjing is another Qigong method for physical fitness and health preservation through the exercising of muscles. It attaches great importance to the coordination of body postures, breathing and mindfulness. There are many ancient versions of Yijinjing, among which the most widely circulated and well accepted was Twelve Postures of Yijinjing compiled and collected in the Weishen Yaoshu by Pan Wei in the Qing Dynasty.
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